What is COVID-19?
Coronavirus disease 2019, also known as COVID-19, can be transmitted from person to person by the virus. It first appeared in December 2019 and quickly spread around the world. COVID-19 affects your respiratory system. In some cases, it can cause problems with your lungs, such as pneumonia.
There is a lot about COVID-19. As we learn more about viruses, guidelines and recommendations are changing rapidly. Trying what to do and what not to do can be mystified and overwhelming. So let’s break it down. Let’s talk about what’s going on and what practical steps you can take to keep yourself and those around you safe and sound.
How does COVID-19 spread?
The virus is transmitted through droplets. So when an infected person coughs or sneezes, they expel the virus droplets in the air. Those drops are sucked on the ground or by other people. This is a very common way for the virus to spread.
This is another way of spreading when infected drops come to the surface (such as door handles and elevator buttons). If a healthy person touches the surface where the drops are and then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth, they are more likely to become ill. These are the gateways to viruses, so the less you touch them, the less likely the virus is to enter your body.
So everyone, don’t touch your face! If the virus gets on your skin, wash your eyes, nose, or mouth with soap and water or hand sanitizer. This is possible when a person with COVID-19 does not show signs of illness (called asymptomatic transmission). It takes 2 to 14 days after exposure to the virus before people become ill.
So you can unknowingly make others sick. Therefore, when COVID-19 cases are very high in an area, leaders recommend staying home unless you really need to do anything (such as getting groceries).
What are COVID-19 Symptoms?
Some of the symptoms of COVID-19 illness are fever, cough, body aches, and difficulty breathing. Some of the less common symptoms of the virus are headache, sore throat, runny nose, odor or taste problems, nausea, and diarrhea. I know anything can seem like a symptom, so if you are not in good health, stay home, and call your doctor.
Most people experience mild symptoms who get infected by COVID-19. Some people do not experience any symptoms. Many people can recover at home, including children who become ill with COVID-19. But, for some, especially those 65 and older, those with other health problems (such as lung, diabetes, and heart disease) and those whose immune system (or infection-fighting system) is not functioning. Well, COVID-19 causes more serious problems that require hospitalization.
What should I do if I’m feeling sick?
If you are ill, have a fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, call your doctor or local emergency care facility. This is important. Call first. And, if you are sick, cover your nose and mouth with a cloth, scarf, or handkerchief. This will help protect the people around you.
call your national health agency. When you call, your doctor can tell you what to do next. Some have to come and see a doctor, while others have to stay at home and limit their contact with other people. Your doctor can tell you what to do.
What would it be advisable for me to do in case I’m stressed I’ve been affected?
Risk of exposure to COVID-19 virus if you are six feet from the infected person (about the length of the bed away from you) or you are living or visiting a place where there are many cases.
If you feel that you are exposed and you have symptoms such as fever or cough, you should call your doctor before you go to the office or hospital. Your doctor can tell you what to do and if you need to see him in person. If you are asked to come to the hospital, you may be asked to follow special procedures (such as using a separate entrance from other people and covering your nose and mouth).
It is important to know that there is currently no proven treatment for COVID-19. But, doctors can help you breathing and give you as much treatment as possible. Most people do not need to be hospitalized and are able to fully recover at home.
What can I do to stay healthy?
Wash your hands with soap and water. Actually. I know it’s very simple, but it has a big impact. Actually, the soap breaks the container that holds the virus. After opening the container, the virus rinses with water. For this to happen, you need to spend some time washing your hands and you need to clean. Wash your hands for 20 seconds.
You may want to rub your hands together, clean your wrists, fingernails between your fingers, and dry your hands with a paper towel that you can throw away. Finally, turn off the water using a paper towel instead of your hand. Now, if you have children at home, make sure they wash their hands this way. If you are not surrounded by soap and water, use sanitizer and rub until it dries.
What else can you do to stay healthy?
You should keep your distance from other people (this is called social distance). And you really need to stay away from people who are visually ill or cough. If you can, work from home. Clean surfaces that you use often. Clean doorknobs, countertops, your phone screen, and other objects you touch a lot. Finally, it is advisable to limit travel to areas with high COVID-19 cases.
How can I help slow the spread?
I know COVID-19 sounds scary, but there are some good things to remember. For most people, COVID-19 is a mild infection that is not fatal. You can do a lot to keep yourself and others healthy by washing your hands, staying away from sick people, covering your face, and following social distance.
Remember, if you are sick, stay home and call your doctor. By practicing these steps you can save yourself and the people around you from this life-threatening virus.